Effects of compaction due to machinery traffic on soil pore configuration

 

Autores
Soracco, Carlos Germán; Lozano, Luis Alberto; Villarreal, Rafael; Palancar, Telmo Cecilio; Jorajuría Collazo, Daniel; Olivero Sarli, Guillermo; Filgueira, Roberto Raul
Tipo de recurso
artículo
Estado
Versión publicada
Año de publicación
2015
País
Argentina
Institución
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
Repositorio
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Descripción
Soil compaction has been recognized as a severe problem in mechanized agriculture and has an influence on many soil properties and processes. Yet, there are few studies on the long-term effects of soil compaction, and the development of soil compaction has been shown through a limited number of soil parameters. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the persistence of soil compaction effects (three traffic treatments: T0, without traffic; T3, three tractor passes; and T5, five tractor passes) on pore system configuration, through static and dynamic determinations; and to determine changes in soil pore orientation due to soil compaction through measurement of hydraulic conductivity of saturated soil in samples taken vertically and horizontally. Traffic led to persistent changes in all the dynamic indicators studied (saturated hydraulic conductivity, K0; effective macro- and mesoporosity, εma and εme), with significantly lower values of K0, εma, and εme in the T5 treatment. The static indicators of bulk density (BD), derived total porosity (TP), and total macroporosity (θma) did not vary significantly among the treatments. This means that machine traffic did not produce persistent changes on these variables after two years. However, the orientation of the soil pore system was modified by traffic. Even in T0, there were greater changes in K0 measured in the samples taken vertically than horizontally, which was more related to the presence of vertical biopores, and to isotropy of K0 in the treatments with machine traffic. Overall, the results showed that dynamic indicators are more sensitive to the effects of compaction and that, in the future, static indicators should not be used as compaction indicators without being complemented by dynamic indicators.
Idioma
inglés
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/11133
Enlace del recurso
http://hdl.handle.net/11336/11133
Nivel de acceso
Acceso abierto
Materia
EFFECTIVE POROSITY
TOTAL POROSITY
SOIL PORE ANISOTROPY
HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY
Ciencias del Suelo
Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS